The visionary Eco-Sustainable Voronoi Wall redefines sustainable architecture, blending nature-inspired aesthetics with eco-conscious materials like PLA, 3D printing, and a Voronoi pattern, setting a new standard for environmentally accountable design and inspiring a greener future.

Eco–Sand Wall is an innovative architectural feature that combines sustainable materials and nature-inspired design principles; conceived by engineer Leena Tatan and designed and fabricated by architect Dr. Aref Maksoud and his students at the College of Engineering - University of Sharjah.

Utilizing parametric design and AI, Eco-Sand Wall consists of 3D-printed bricks made from PLA (Polylactic Acid), a biodegradable and sustainable plastic derived from renewable resources such as corn starch or sugarcane mixed, with sand.

The unique and groundbreaking aspect of Eco-Sand Wall lies in its ability to facilitate plant growth directly on the wall's surface. This is achieved by embedding seeds within the brick material during the 3D printing process. The seeds are evenly distributed throughout the bricks, allowing them to sprout and grow when exposed to water.